AUSTRALIAN DEFENCE FORCE AND POLICE INVOLVEMENT
IN PEACEKEEPING AND PEACEMAKING OPERATIONS 1947 - TODAY



OPERATIONS | 1990's | post 2000 | SUMMARY | SOURCES

INTRODUCTION

The Australian Defence Force (ADF) has been involved in peacekeeping since 1947 when four Australians (the world’s first United Nations peacekeepers) were deployed to the first UN peacekeeping mission - the United Nations Good Offices Commission to Indonesia (UNGOC). Since UNGOC, the ADF has been extensively involved in both UN & multinational peacekeeping and peacemaking operations. The tempo of these missions has notably increased since the first large deployment of Engineer Troops to South West Africa in 1989. INTERFET in 1999 / 2000 was the largest deployment of Australian Troops since the Second World War and since September 11, 2001 thousands of ADF personnel have been deployed in International Campaigns against Terrorism operating in the Middle East, Afghanistan and South West Asia. Australian Services personnel continue to demonstrate outstanding capabilities in these often dangerous and hostile foreign environments.

DEFINITIONS: Operations and Missions are classified as Warlike, Non-warlike or Peacetime. The definitions for these classifications are explained on the Defence Pay and Conditions Manual (PACMAN) located here: weblink Department of Defence website.

DISCLAIMER
OPERATIONS
* listed by the year in which Australia committed forces / personnel:


United Nations Good Offices Commission (UNGOC) in the Dutch East Indies ;
United Nations Commission for Indonesia (UNCI) » 1947 - 1951


UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) » 1948 - 1985

UN Commission on Korea (UNCOK) » 1950 - 1950

UN Command - Korea (UNC-K) » 1950 - 1956

UN Command Military Armistice Commission (UNCMAC) » 1953 – ongoing

Op PALADIN » UN Truce Supervision Organisation (UNTSO) » 1956 – ongoing

UN Observer Group in Lebanon (UNOGIL) » 1958

United Nations Operation in the Congo (ONUC) » 1960 - 1964

UN Temporary Executive Authority (UNTEA) » 1962 - 1963
(United Nations Security Force (UNSF) in West New Guinea (West Irian))


United Nations Yemen Observer Mission (UNYOM) » 1963 - 1964

UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) » 1964 - ongoing

UN India-Pakistan Observation Mission (UNIPOM) » 1965 - 1966

United Nations Disengagement Force (UNDOF) » 1974 – ongoing

UN Emergency Force Two (UNEF II) » 1973 - 1979

Op AGILA: Commonwealth Monitoring Force, Rhodesia (CMFR) » 1979 - 1980

Australian Army Contingent –
The Commonwealth Military Training Team, Uganda (CMTTU) » 1982 - 1984


Op MAZURKA: Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) » 1982 – ongoing

UN Iran-Iraq Military Observer Group (UNIIMOG) » 1988 - 1991

UN Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) » 1989 - 1990

Op SALAAM: UN Mine Clearance Training Team Peshwar (UNMCTT) » 1989 - 1993
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* 1990's

Op DAMASK I ; Op DAMASK II: First Maritime Interception Force (MIF 1) » 1990 - 1991

Disaster Relief and Humanitarian Operations » 1990 – ongoing

Multinational Forces in Iraq - Kuwait (MNF (I-K)) » 1991

Op HABITAT » International Kurdish Relief Operation » 1991

Op GOODWILL: UN Advanced Mission in Cambodia (UNAMIC)» 1991 - 1992

Op GEMINI: UN Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) » 1991 - 1993

Op CEDILLA: UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) » 1991 - 1994

Op BLAZER: UN Special Commission (UNSCOM) » 1991 - 1998

Op JURAL; Op PROVIDE COMFORT; Op BOLTON; Op SOUTHERN WATCH; Op NORTHERN WATCH:
3rd Country Deployments in the Middle East » 1991 - 2003


Op DAMASK III: Second Maritime Interception Force (MIF II) » 1991 - 2003

UN Protection Force in Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia (UNPROFOR) » 1992

Op OSIER / Op AGRICOLA: NATO Implementation Force (IFOR) & NATO Stabilisation Force (SFOR) in Bosnia » 1992 - 2004

Op IGUANA: First UN Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM I)» 1992 - 1993

Op SOLACE: Unified Task Force in Somalia (UNITAF) » 1992 - 1993

Op IGUANA: Second UN Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM II) » 1993 - 1994

Op BANNER: Cambodia Mine Action Centre (CMAC) and United Nations Military Liaison Team » 1993 - 1999

United Status Forces in Haiti (UNMIH) » 1994

Op LAGOON: South Pacific Peacekeeping Force (SPPKF) » 1994

Op TAMAR: The United Nations Assistance Mission to Rwanda (UNAMIR II) » 1994 - 1996

Op CORACLE: United Nations Operation in Mozambique (ONUMOZ) » 1994 - 2002

United Nations Verification Mission in Guatemala (MINUGUA) » 1997

Op PLES DRAI: PNG & West Irian Drought Relief » 1997

Op BEL-ISI ; Op BEL-ISI II: Truce Monitoring Group and Peace Monitoring Group – Bougainville » 1997 - 2003

Op POLLARD: Multinational Military Deployment – KUWAIT » 1998

Op ALLIED FORCE ; Op JOINT GUARDIAN: NATO Force in Kosovo (KFOR) » 1999 – ongoing

Op FABER: UN Advance Mission in East Timor (UNAMET) » 1999

Op WARDEN; Op SPITFIRE; Op STABILISE: International Force in East Timor (INTERFET) » Sep 1999 - Feb 2000
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* 2000 to present-day

Op TANAGER: United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) » Feb 2000 - May 2002

Op PLUMBOB; Op TREK: International Peace Monitoring Team (IPMT) – Solomon Islands » 2000 - 2003

Op HUSKY: The United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) » 2000 - 2003

Op POMELO: The United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) » 2001 - 2005

Op SLIPPER ; Op BASTILLE: Australia’s military contribution to the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) » 2001 – 2014

Op CITADEL; Op SPIRE: UN Mission of Support in East Timor (UNMISET) » May 2002 - Jun 2005

Op FALCONER: ADF contribution in support of US-led military operations to remove the threat of Iraqi WMD. » 2003

Op PALATE ; Op PALATE II: ADF contribution to the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) » 2003 – ongoing

Op CATALYST: ADF contribution to US-led Multi-national Force to secure and stabilise Iraq. » 2003 – 2009

Op ANODE: ADF contribution to the Australian-led Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) » 2003 - 2013

Op AZURE: ADF contribution to the UN Mission in Sudan (UNMIS). » 2005 – 2011

Op CHIRON: ADF contribution to the special political mission to the UN Office assisting the Timor-Leste government. » 2005 – 2006

Op ASTUTE: ADF contribution to Multi-national Security Force to stabilise and maintain peace in support of the Government of Timor-Leste. » 2006 – 2013

Op TOWER: ADF contribution to the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT). » 2006 – 2012

Op RESOLUTE: ADF contribution to protect Australia's borders and offshore maritime interests. » 2006 – ongoing

Op QUICKSTEP: ADF operation to ensure the safety of Australians and approved foreign nationals in Fiji. » 2006

Op QUICKSTEP TONGA: ADF response to assist the Government of Tonga with the restoration of law and order in Tonga. » 2006

Op KRUGER: ADF contribution to the provision of security and support for the Australian Embassy and its staff in Iraq. » 2008 – 2011

Op RIVERBANK: ADF contribution to the UN Assistance Mission (UNAMI) for Iraq. » 2008 – 2013

Op HEDGEROW: ADF contribution to the UN and African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID). » 2008 – 2011

Op ASLAN: ADF contribution to the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS). » 2011 – ongoing

Op MANITOU: Australia's contribution to support international efforts to promote maritime security,
stability and prosperity in the Middle East Region. » June 2014 – ongoing


Op HIGHROAD: ADF contribution to the NATO led Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan. » July 2014 – ongoing

Op OKRA: ADF contribution to the Iraq and Syria crisis. » July 2014 – ongoing

Op ACCORDION: ADF contribution to the International Coalition against Terrorism. » July 2014 – ongoing

Op AUGURY: Supporting ADF’s understanding of Islamist terrorist threats to Australia and the region. » July 2014 – ongoing


Under Construction


OTHER OPERATIONS

Australian Department of Defence – Global Operations:
weblink www.defence.gov.au/Operations/

Australian Federal Police – International Deployments:
www.afp.gov.au/what-we-do/our-work-overseas/international-deployment-group

Current UN peacekeeping operations:
weblink www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/operations/current.shtml

Past UN peacekeeping operations:
weblink www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/operations/past.shtml
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SUMMARY

Missions / Operations contributed by Australian Defence and Police Forces: 68 (to be revised)

Countries: 56 (to be revised)

Total Military personnel:  Approximately 48,000 personnel  (to be revised)
Table of ADF Peacekeeping/Peacemaking Operations (with Police) since 1947 to the 5 Jan 2010

Australian Campaign Medals at 30 March 2009


Total Killed in Action or Killed / Died on duty: 375 (to be revised), Including the Korean War and Military dogs. Exempted: Malayan Emergency, the Confrontation with Indonesia and the Vietnam War.

This summary does not include details of the Rifle Company, RAAF Base Butterworth Malaysia, from 1958 to the present (120 personnel on 4 month tours of duty = approx 16,200 personnel).

Figures are an approximate appreciation of the mission, time served and personnel deployed.
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SOURCES

Australian Department of Defence – weblink http://www.defence.gov.au

Defence Honours & Awards – weblink http://www.defence.gov.au/medals/

Australian Federal Police – weblink http://www.afp.gov.au

Australian Honours - weblink http://www.itsanhonour.gov.au

Australian Attorney General's Office - weblink http://www.ag.gov.au/govgazette

Department of Veterans' Affairs - weblink http://www.dva.gov.au

UN Peacekeeping - weblink http://www.un.org

NATO – weblink http://www.nato.int


PRIMARY RESEARCHERS

Mick Phelan, David Vinen, Dale Potter and Paul Copeland, OAM.