AUSTRALIAN DEFENCE FORCE AND POLICE INVOLVEMENT
IN PEACEKEEPING AND PEACEMAKING OPERATIONS 1947 - TODAY



OPERATIONS (chronological) | OPERATIONS (post 2000) | SUMMARY | SOURCES

INTRODUCTION

The Australian Defence Force (ADF) has been involved in peacekeeping since 1947. The first peacekeeping operation - the United Nations Good Offices Commission to Indonesia (UNCI) - was conducted in 1947 using Military Observers. UNCI saw the first Australians (the first ever UN peacekeepers) deployed: Army Brigadier L.G.H Dyke (RAA), RAN Officer Commander H.S. Chesterman, Army Major D.L. Campbell, and RAAF Officer Squadron Leader D.T. Spence, DFC. The Australian commitment to this mission was up to 45 Military Observer Officers.

Since UNCI, the ADF has been extensively involved in both UN & multinational peacekeeping and peacemaking operations. The tempo of these missions has notably increased since the first large deployment of Engineer Troops to South West Africa in 1989. For example, over 2400 ADF personnel are now involved in the International Campaigns against Terrorism operating in the Middle East, Afghanistan and South West Asia. Australian Services personnel continue to demonstrate outstanding capabilities in these often dangerous and hostile foreign environments.

DEFINITIONS


Operations and Missions are classified as Warlike, Non-warlike or Peacetime. The definitions for these classifications are explained on the weblink Department of Defence website.


OPERATIONS


Listed by the year in which Australia commenced its participation. The information provided is as correct as possible at the time of release.
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United Nations Good Offices Commission (UNGOC) in the Dutch East Indies
& United Nations Commission for Indonesia (UNCI): 1947 - 1951


UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP): 1948 - 1985

UN Commission on Korea (UNCOK): 1950 - 1950

UN Command - Korea (UNC-K): 1950 - 1956

UN Command Military Armistice Commission (UNCMAC): 1953 - present

UN Truce Supervision Organisation (UNTSO) Op PALADIN: 1956 - present

UN Observer Group in Lebanon (UNOGIL): 1958

United Nations Operation in the Congo (ONUC): 1960 - 1964

UN Temporary Executive Authority (UNTEA): 1962 - 1963
(United Nations Security Force (UNSF) in West New Guinea (West Irian))


United Nations Yemen Observer Mission (UNYOM): 1963 - 1964

UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP): 1964 - present

UN India-Pakistan Observation Mission (UNIPOM): 1965 - 1966

United Nations Disengagement Force (UNDOF): 1974 present

UN Emergency Force Two (UNEF II): 1973 - 1979

Commonwealth Monitoring Force, Rhodesia (CMFR) Op AGILA: 1979 - 1980

Australian Army Contingent
The Commonwealth Military Training Team, Uganda (CMTTU): 1982 - 1984


Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) Op MAZURKA: 1982 - present

UN Iran-Iraq Military Observer Group (UNIIMOG): 1988 - 1991

UN Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG): 1989 - 1990

UN Mine Clearance Training Team Peshwar (UNMCTT) Op SALAAM: 1989 - 1993

First Maritime Interception Force (MIF 1) Ops DAMASK I & II: 1990 - 1991

Disaster Relief and Humanitarian Operations - Pacific Region: 1990 - present

Multinational Forces in Iraq - Kuwait (MNF (I-K)): 1991

International Kurdish Relief Operation Op HABITAT: 1991

UN Advanced Mission in Cambodia (UNAMIC) Op GOODWILL: 1991 - 1992

UN Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) Op GEMINI: 1991 - 1993

UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) Op CEDILLA: 1991 - 1994

UN Special Commission (UNSCOM) Op BLAZER: 1991 - 1998

Ops JURAL, PROVIDE COMFORT, BOLTON, SOUTHERN WATCH and NORTHERN WATCH
3rd Country Deployments in the Middle East: 1991 - 2003


Second Maritime Interception Force (MIF II) Op DAMASK III: 1991 - 2003

UN Protection Force in Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia (UNPROFOR): 1992

NATO Implementation Force (IFOR) & NATO Stabilisation Force (SFOR) in Bosnia Op OSIER & AGRICOLA: 1992 - 2004

First UN Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM I) Op IGUANA: 1992 - 1993

Unified Task Force in Somalia (UNITAF) Op SOLACE: 1992 - 1993

Second UN Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM II): 1993 - 1994

Cambodia Mine Action Centre (CMAC): 1993 - 1997

United Status Forces in Haiti (UNMIH): 1994

South Pacific Peacekeeping Force (SPPKF) Op LAGOON: 1994

The United Nations Assistance Mission to Rwanda (UNAMIR II) Op TAMAR: 1994 - 1995

United Nations Operation in Mozambique (ONUMOZ) Op CORACLE: 1994 - 2002

United Nations Verification Mission in Guatemala (MINUGUA): 1997

PNG & West Irian Drought Relief Op PLES DRAI: 1997

Truce Monitoring Group and Peace Monitoring Group Bougainville Operations BEL-ISI I & II: 1997 - 2003

Multinational Military Deployment KUWAIT Op POLLARD: 1998

NATO Force in Kosovo (KFOR): 1999 - present

UN Advance Mission in East Timor (UNAMET) Op Faber: 1999
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Op WARDEN, SPITFIRE, STABILISE, FABER: International Force in East Timor (INTERFET) » Sep 1999 - Feb 2000

Op TANAGER & FABER: United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) » Feb 2000 - May 2002

Ops PLUMBOB & TREK: International Peace Monitoring Team (IPMT) Solomon Islands » 2000 - 2003

Op HUSKY: The United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) » 2000 - 2003

Op POMELO: The United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) » 2001 - 2005

Op SLIPPER: Australian Contributions to the International Campaigns against Terrorism » 2001 - present

Op CATALYST: ADF contribution to US-led Multi-national Force to secure and stabilise Iraq. » 2003 2009

Op ANODE: ADF contribution to the Australian-led Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) » 2003 - 2013

Op CHIRON: ADF contribution to the special political mission to the UN Office assisting the Timor-Leste government. » 2005 ongoing

Op ASTUTE: ADF contribution to Multi-national Security Force to stabilise and maintain peace in support of the Government of Timor-Leste. » 2006 2013

Op TOWER: ADF contribution to the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT). » 2006 2012

Op RESOLUTE: ADF contribution to protect Australia's borders and offshore maritime interests. » 2006 present


Under Construction


OTHER OPERATIONS

Australian Department of Defence Global Operations:
weblink http://www.defence.gov.au/op

Australian Federal Police International Deployments:
weblink http://www.afp.gov.au/policing/international-deployment-group/deployments.aspx

Current UN peacekeeping operations:
weblink http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/operations/current.shtml

Past UN peacekeeping operations:
weblink http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/operations/past.shtml
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SUMMARY

Missions / Operations contributed by Australian Defence and Police Forces: 68 (to be revised)

Countries: 56 (to be revised)

Total Military personnel:  Approximately 46,000 personnel  (to be revised)
Table of ADF Peacekeeping/Peacemaking Operations (with Police) since 1947 to the Present (as at 5 Jan 2010)

Australian Campaign Medals at 30 March 2009


Total Killed in Action or Killed / Died on duty: 375 (to be revised), Including the Korean War and Military dogs. Exempted: Malayan Emergency, the Confrontation with Indonesia and the Vietnam War.

This summary does not include details of the Rifle Company, RAAF Base Butterworth Malaysia, from 1958 to the present (120 personnel on 4 month tours of duty = approx 16,200 personnel).

Figures are an approximate appreciation of the mission, time served and personnel deployed.
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SOURCES

Australian Department of Defence weblink http://www.defence.gov.au

Defence Honours & Awards weblink http://www.defence.gov.au/medals/

Australian Federal Police weblink http://www.afp.gov.au

Australian Honours - weblink http://www.itsanhonour.gov.au

Australian Attorney General's Office - weblink http://www.ag.gov.au/govgazette

Department of Veterans' Affairs - weblink http://www.dva.gov.au

UN Peacekeeping - weblink http://www.un.org

NATO weblink http://www.nato.int


PRIMARY RESEARCHERS

Mick Phelan, David Vinen, Dale Potter and Paul Copeland, OAM.
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